Mechatronics and Robotics MEng, BEng

Year of entry

2025 course information

Open Days 2024

Register your interest for our October Open Days. Register here

UCAS code
HH36
Start date
September 2024
Delivery type
On campus
Duration
4 years full time
Work placement
Optional
Study abroad
Optional
Typical A-level offer
AAA (specific subject requirements)
Typical Access to Leeds offer
ABB
Full entry requirements
Accredited
Yes

Course overview

An academic showing a student a 3d printed model in a electronics lab.

Robotics is at the forefront of progression across a whole host of large industries globally including transport, healthcare, entertainment, and energy. The demand for unique and innovative advances in technologies to deliver sustainable solutions for the future is ever-growing — meaning mechatronics and robotics couldn’t be more relevant than they are today.

This multidisciplinary course offers you the opportunity to study the most exciting aspects of electronics, mechanical design and artificial intelligence and apply them to the design and manufacture of sophisticated intelligent systems.

You’ll also have access to cutting-edge research being carried out in the EPSRC National Facility for Innovative Robotic Systems, alongside industry-standard software and lab facilities, right here on campus. Additionally, we offer exciting opportunities like studying abroad and industrial work placements to ensure you have the best grounding to head out into the professional world.

Why study at Leeds:

  • This course is accredited by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE).
  • Our School’s 100-year globally-renowned research activity has been responsible for engineering new technologies and creating pioneering industry-driven developments and feeds directly into your course, shaping your learning with the latest thinking.
  • Experience expert teaching delivered by a programme team made up of academics and researchers who specialise in robotics and a variety of other product engineering disciplines.
  • Enjoy a more practical approach to learning, with access to our specialist facilities during your project work, including lecture theatres and labs featuring industry-standard equipment and the latest technology.
  • Enhance your career prospects and give your CV that competitive edge before you graduate with our industrial work placement opportunities. Our close industry links have given previous students the chance to work at — and build professional relationships with — major organisations such as Amazon, Rolls-Royce and Sony.
  • Gain invaluable life experience and advance your personal development with our exciting study abroad programmes, spanning across universities worldwide.
  • Make the most of your time at Leeds by joining our student society ShockSoc where you can meet more of your peers, attend high-quality technical visits, enjoy social events and get the chance to put theory into practice by participating in our own Robot Fighting League (RFL). Watch our RFL video to find out more.

Join our online taster courses

Our five-part series of short courses offers a great introduction to medical device design and the exciting future of medical technology. Join today on FutureLearn.

Benefits of an integrated Masters

Learn more about what an integrated Masters is and how it can benefit your studies and boost your career.

Accreditation

Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE)

Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET)

Accreditation is the assurance that a university course meets the quality standards established by the profession for which it prepares its students.

This course is accredited by the Institute of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) and the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) on behalf of the Engineering Council.

This integrated Masters degree (MEng, BEng) is accredited for the purposes of fully meeting the academic requirement for registration as a Chartered Engineer (CEng).

Course details

This multidisciplinary course gives you the chance to broaden your knowledge and skills, exploring many exciting aspects of electronics, mechanical design, and artificial intelligence.

You’ll learn the fundamental concepts of the field, alongside new innovations currently trending in the field of mechatronics and robotics.

Every year of your course gives you hands-on experience of project work. This gives you the opportunity to explore your subject further as well as developing valuable skills in problem solving, communication and teamwork.

Ethics plays an integral role in the engineering practices of today, which is why you’ll study engineering ethics as part of your course. You’ll be taught by academics from the Inter-Disciplinary Ethics Applied Centre, as well as your lecturers, covering a wide range of topics such as professionalism and codes of conduct, corporate social responsibility, engineering and responsibility, ethics in innovation and research ethics.

The ethics training will advance your critical thinking, communication and creative problem-solving skills which are crucial to employers, but it will also help you identify and respond effectively to ethical dilemmas that you may encounter in your professional life in the engineering industry.

Each academic year, you'll take a total of 120 credits.

Course Structure

The list shown below represents typical modules/components studied and may change from time to time. Read more in our terms and conditions.

Most courses consist of compulsory and optional modules. There may be some optional modules omitted below. This is because they are currently being refreshed to make sure students have the best possible experience. Before you enter each year, full details of all modules for that year will be provided.

For more information and a list of typical modules available on this course, please read Mechatronics and Robotics MEng, BEng in the course catalogue.

Years 1 and 2

You’ll study a wide variety of core modules in your first two years, giving you a solid foundation across different disciplines. Topics may include circuit theory, analysis and design, digital electronics, programming, artificial intelligence, solid mechanics, design and manufacture, embedded systems, and power electronics, among others. You’ll also see how mechanics, electronics, and computer engineering can come together in the development of mechatronics and robotic systems.

Year 1 Compulsory modules

Circuit Analysis and Design – 20 credits

You’ll be introduced to key electronic components, the basic concepts of electronic circuit analysis and design, and the basic principles of electronic circuit test and measurement.

Computational Foundations of Artificial Intelligence – 20 credits

Take a hands-on approach to the study of core aspects of computing essential for modern engineering and applied artificial intelligence practice. You’ll become familiar with the implementation of different data structures and algorithms with Python and learn how to apply them and analyse their performance in different problem-solving contexts.

Digital Electronics and Microcontrollers – 20 credits

Study the fundamentals of digital electronics and embedded systems, including underlying theories in digital electronics. You’ll be equipped with practical design skills including proficiency in embedded systems programming.

Introduction to Engineering Mathematics – 20 Credits

This module is intended to provide you with a knowledge and understanding of the key mathematical principles necessary to underpin their education in engineering. On completion of this module, you’ll be able to apply mathematical methods, tools and notations to the analysis and solution of engineering problems, especially within the field of mechatronics and robotics engineering.

Mechanics for Mechatronics and Robotics – 20 credits

You’ll be introduced to the basic engineering principles required for analysing motion and the forces that produce it and to develop an understanding of the fundamental principles of structural analysis and its application to the general field of engineering. You’ll develop the ability and apply these techniques to tackle typical dynamics and structural problems and produce solutions for applications in mechanical engineering.

Foundations of Mechatronics and Robotics – 20 credits

Learn about of various types of robotics and mechatronic systems, starting from basic principles of robots to their numerous applications and different types of robots. You’ll be provided with the basic understanding of the knowledge required to design, control, and analyse appropriate robotic mechanisms for various applications.

Year 2 Compulsory modules

Electronic Circuits and Systems Design – 20 credits

Gain the necessary skills and knowledge to design and build a variety of electronic circuits and systems. This will include aspects of underlying circuit theory, simulation, and practical implementation.

Machine Learning – 20 credits

Learn the foundations of artificial Intelligence and be introduced to the basics of machine learning. This module will equip you with knowledge and skills to employ artificial intelligence and machine learning to tackle real-world problems. You’ll also develop the ability to identify and analyse technical limitations, as well as social, ethical and legal issues surrounding artificial intelligence applications.

Power Electronics – 20 credits

Develop the appropriate analytical skills and knowledge to design electrical power converters whilst gaining an understanding of power electronic conversion techniques, including the basic converters (DC-DC, AC-DC and DC-AC). You’ll learn the methods of circuit analysis applicable to switched mode circuits and become familiar with the properties of the relevant semiconductor devices.

Integrated Design and Manufacture for Mechatronics and Robotics – 40 credits

Learn how to follow a structured process to design mechatronic devices, and use solid modelling software to create solid models, assembly models and simple engineering drawings. You’ll gain an appreciation for design science and build simple mechatronic devices. Basic manufacturing processes and ethical considerations relating to design will also be covered.

Embedded Systems Project – 20 credits

The embedded systems project module will challenge you to design a prototype product within a tightly-constrained set of software tools and hardware components. The major objective is to develop proficiency in programming a state-of-the-art microcontroller to interface with sensors/actuators and a display, as required. You’ll also learn project management and presentation skills.

Year 3

You’ll build on your knowledge in a more specialised direction. You’ll study key areas in mechatronics and robotics such as control systems, electric machines and additive manufacturing. An individual project will allow you to focus on an engineering problem in depth.

Compulsory modules

Electric Machines – 20 credits

Get introduced to the principles of electromechanical conversion with a focus on both DC and AC electric machines. This module covers the operation of electric machines, starting from basic electromechanical conversion principles to their numerous applications and visiting different machine types and designs. You’ll be equipped with the necessary skills to select and analyse appropriate electric machines for different applications.

Artificial intelligence – 20 credits

Module description coming soon.

Control Systems – 20 credits

Gain an understanding of the theory and practice of control systems, including linear systems analysis using Laplace transforms and transfer functions, the transient response of feedback systems, and stability criteria.

Mechatronics and robotics project – 40 credits

You'll complete a major individual engineering project under the supervision of an individual member of the academic staff. The individual engineering project will give you the opportunity to choose a project area in which you can carry out research and apply knowledge gained from core engineering modules, with a particular focus on the design of control systems, integration of sensors and actuators, electrical and mechanical mechanisms, and demonstration of such a system with appropriate software. You'll apply professional skills, including project management, risk management, decision making and identifying and managing cost drivers. Delivery of a final project report will give you the opportunity to apply critical analysis and detailed research in addition to developing your communication skills.

Professional Studies – 10 credits

You’ll be introduced to a variety of important aspects of working in industry and to the role of the engineer in society.

Electric Power Systems - 10 credits

Module description coming soon.

Year 4

You’ll be introduced to different applications of robotics and mechatronics and benefit from an even broader choice of modules. You could focus on power electronics and drives, more specialised robotics and topics in computing, amongst others. You’ll also develop your understanding of the industry through a major individual project and complete a substantial team project.

You’ll have the opportunity to work with your supervisors throughout the project, who’ll be experts in their research area.

Recent projects include:

  • Autonomous search-and-rescue robot
  • Quadrocopter surveillance drone
  • Multiple antenna transmission and OFDMA for WiMax
  • Surgical inspection robot
  • Assistive exoskeletons

Compulsory Modules

Team Project – 45 credits

Undertake an advanced engineering project in groups of 3 to 6 supervised by a member of staff and mentored by a collaborator from industry. The projects are set up to emulate professional practices: you’ll be required to develop a tender or business plan with industrial mentors acting as customers.

Modern Industry Practice – 15 credits

Professional engineers need to have a sound knowledge of how the engineering industry operates, including the different roles within companies, the operation of supply chains, legal and contractual issues, and much more. This module covers all of this, equipping you with an understanding of the global engineering industry which could be vital for your future career planning.

Optional Modules

The MEng programme in year 4 has a selection of optional modules for each semester from which you must choose 4. Note you are only permitted to choose two modules for each semester.

Basket (60 credits)

Semester 1

Power Electronics and Drives – 15 credits

You'll have the opportunity to explore the applications of power electronics for machines and other conventional electrical systems. You'll gain skills in analysing, designing, simulating and evaluating power converters for the control of various applications.

Control Systems Design – 15 credits

This module covers the analysis and design of control systems. You'll develop knowledge and build an understanding of linear systems, enabling you to analytically investigate control systems and simulate them using computer tools. You’ll have the opportunity to design and evaluate PID and compensator-based controllers using several analytical techniques. You’ll also be introduced to the principles of digital control systems and methods for their implementation.

Aerial Robotics – 15 credits

You'll be introduced to aerial robotics and learn the foundational skills in the design, control, and operation, ethical and legal aspects.

Biomechatronics and Medical Robotics – 15 credits

Biomechatronics is the application of mechatronic engineering to human biology. This module will provide you with an understanding of biomechatronic and Medical Robotic engineering systems challenges, solutions and analysis. The module covers a number of areas of interest including: sensors, actuators and Artificial Intelligence for control applications.

Semester 2

FPGA Design for System-on-Chip – 15 credits

Learn the design principles of modern FPGA systems using Hardware Description Languages and contemporary, industry-standard design tools.

Embedded Microprocessor System Design – 15 credits

Explore the options for advanced embedded system implementation and study the operation of System-on-Chip development systems. This module provides an opportunity to develop your skills in the use of contemporary design tools which support the optimisation of embedded processor architectures.

Intelligent Systems and Robotics – 15 credits

Learn how AI techniques and principles from biological systems can be applied to robots to control behaviour and sense environments. You’ll develop an understanding of the theoretical problems inherent in robotics and use pre-built robots to design, implement and test different control and perceptual systems.

Bio-inspired Computing – 15 credits

This module considers examples of cooperative phenomena in nature and the concepts of emergence and self-organisation. You’ll design and apply simple genetic algorithms, and you’ll Interpret the behaviour of algorithms based on the cooperative behaviour of distributed agents with no, or little, central control. This module will also cover how to implement bio-inspired algorithms to solve a range of problems.

One-year optional work placement or study abroad

During your course, you’ll be given the opportunity to advance your skill set and experience further. You can apply to either undertake a one-year industrial work placement or study abroad for a year, choosing from a selection of universities we’re in partnership with worldwide.

Learning and teaching

As an engineering student at Leeds, we ensure that you benefit from a wide range of teaching methods, including lectures, workshops, small group tutorials and practical lab work.

Laboratory classes and project work allows you to gain first-hand experience investigating and applying material from your lectures and tutorials to real-life work situations. Together, they’ll equip you with in-depth knowledge, key practical skills and transferable skills that will help you secure a graduate job. Our close links with industry also mean that you have direct contact with industry and potential employers from an early stage in your course.

You’ll be assigned an academic personal tutor to guide you through your studies, and you’ll receive support from fellow students through our peer mentoring scheme. Peer mentors are students who are on your course but are in years 2 or 3. They’ll help you when you arrive at University and throughout your first year. You’ll meet your peer mentors during your first week for a social activity.

Our Virtual Learning Environment will help to support your studies: it’s a central place where you can find all the information and resources for your programme and modules.

You can also benefit from support to develop your academic skills, within the curriculum and through online resources, workshops, one-to-one appointments and drop-in sessions.

On this course you’ll be taught by our expert academics, from lecturers through to professors. You may also be taught by industry professionals with years of experience, as well as trained postgraduate researchers, connecting you to some of the brightest minds on campus.

Assessment

Most modules are assessed by more than one component. These components can include written examinations held at the end of each year, in-class and online tests, example sheets, assignments and coursework in the form of reports, projects, presentations and posters.

Entry requirements

A-level: AAA including Mathematics.

Where an A-Level Science subject is taken, we require a pass in the practical science element, alongside the achievement of the A-Level at the stated grade.

Excludes A-Level General Studies or Critical Thinking.

Extended Project Qualification (EPQ), International Project Qualification (IPQ) and Welsh Baccalaureate Advanced Skills Challenge Certificate (ASCC): We recognise the value of these qualifications and the effort and enthusiasm that applicants put into them, and where an applicant offers an A in the EPQ, IPQ or ASCC we may make an offer of AAB at A-Level (any required subjects such as Mathematics must still be at grade A).

GCSE: English Language at grade C (4) or above, or an appropriate English language qualification. We will accept Level 2 Functional Skills English in lieu of GCSE English.

Alternative qualification

Access to HE Diploma

Pass 60 credits overall with 45 credits at Level 3, with Distinction, to include Mathematics, Calculus, Further Calculus and Physics, plus a diagnostic Maths test.

BTEC

DDD with Distinctions in all Mathematics units plus grade A in A-Level Maths. Mathematics units must usually include Further Maths and/or other appropriate Maths units – some may be optional on your BTEC but are required by the Faculty. Please contact us for further information.

Please note – there may be different requirements for the older QCF BTEC’s, please contact Admissions.

Cambridge Pre-U

D3, D3, D3 including Mathematics.

International Baccalaureate

18 points at Higher Level to include 5 in HL Mathematics: Analysis and Approaches or 6 in HL Mathematics: Applications and Interpretation

Irish Leaving Certificate (higher Level)

H1 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2, including Mathematics.

Scottish Highers / Advanced Highers

AA at Advanced Higher level, including Mathematics and AABBB at Higher Level.

Other Qualifications

Engineering Diploma: A (plus A level Mathematics at grade A or above).

Read more about UK and Republic of Ireland accepted qualifications or contact the School’s Undergraduate Admissions Team.

Alternative entry

We’re committed to identifying the best possible applicants, regardless of personal circumstances or background.

Access to Leeds is a contextual admissions scheme which accepts applications from individuals who might be from low income households, in the first generation of their immediate family to apply to higher education, or have had their studies disrupted.

Find out more about Access to Leeds and contextual admissions.

Typical Access to Leeds A Level offer: ABB including Mathematics and dependant on successful completion of the Access to Leeds Scheme.

For alternative qualification offers please contact the admissions team.

If you do not have the formal qualifications for immediate entry to one of our degrees, you may be able to progress through a foundation year. We offer a Studies in Science with Foundation Year BSc for students without a science background at A-level and an Interdisciplinary Science with Foundation Year BSc for applicants who meet specific widening participation criteria.

International Foundation Year

International students who do not meet the academic requirements for undergraduate study may be able to study the University of Leeds International Foundation Year. This gives you the opportunity to study on campus, be taught by University of Leeds academics and progress onto a wide range of Leeds undergraduate courses. Find out more about International Foundation Year programmes.

English language requirements

IELTS 6.0 overall, with no less than 5.5 in each section. For other English qualifications, read English language equivalent qualifications.


Improve your English
If you're an international student and you don't meet the English language requirements for this programme, you may be able to study our undergraduate pre-sessional English course, to help improve your English language level.

Fees

UK: £9,250 (per year)

International: £30,250 (per year)

Tuition fees for UK undergraduate students starting in 2024/25
Tuition fees for UK full-time undergraduate students are set by the UK Government and will be £9,250 for students starting in 2024/25.

The fee may increase in future years of your course in line with inflation only, as a consequence of future changes in Government legislation and as permitted by law.

Tuition fees for UK undergraduate students starting in 2025/26
Tuition fees for UK full-time undergraduate students starting in 2025/26 have not yet been confirmed by the UK government. When the fee is available we will update individual course pages.

Tuition fees for international undergraduate students starting in 2024/25 and 2025/26
Tuition fees for international students for 2024/25 are available on individual course pages. Fees for students starting in 2025/26 will be available from September 2024.

Tuition fees for a study abroad or work placement year
If you take a study abroad or work placement year, you’ll pay a reduced tuition fee during this period. For more information, see Study abroad and work placement tuition fees and loans.

Read more about paying fees and charges.

There may be additional costs related to your course or programme of study, or related to being a student at the University of Leeds. Read more on our living costs and budgeting page.

Scholarships and financial support

If you have the talent and drive, we want you to be able to study with us, whatever your financial circumstances. There is help for students in the form of loans and non-repayable grants from the University and from the government. Find out more in our Undergraduate funding overview.

Applying

Apply to this course through UCAS. Check the deadline for applications on the UCAS website.

Apply to this course and check the deadline for applications through the UCAS website.

We may consider applications submitted after the deadline. Availability of courses in UCAS Extra will be detailed on UCAS at the appropriate stage in the cycle.

Admissions guidance

Read our admissions guidance about applying and writing your personal statement.

What happens after you’ve applied

You can keep up to date with the progress of your application through UCAS.

UCAS will notify you when we make a decision on your application. If you receive an offer, you can inform us of your decision to accept or decline your place through UCAS.

How long will it take to receive a decision

We typically receive a high number of applications to our courses. For applications submitted by the January UCAS deadline, UCAS asks universities to make decisions by mid-May at the latest.

Offer holder events

If you receive an offer from us, you’ll be invited to an offer holder event. This event is more in-depth than an open day. It gives you the chance to learn more about your course and get your questions answered by academic staff and students. Plus, you can explore our campus, facilities and accommodation.

International applicants

International students apply through UCAS in the same way as UK students.

We recommend that international students apply as early as possible to ensure that they have time to apply for their visa.

Read about visas, immigration and other information here.

If you’re unsure about the application process, contact the admissions team for help.

International students apply through UCAS in the same way as UK students. Our network of international representatives can help you with your application. If you’re unsure about the application process, contact the admissions team for help.

Read about visas, immigration and other information in International students. We recommend that international students apply as early as possible to ensure that they have time to apply for their visa.

Admissions policy

University of Leeds Admissions Policy 2025

This course is taught by

School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering
School of Mechanical Engineering
School of Computing

Contact us

School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Admissions

Email: ugelec@leeds.ac.uk
Telephone:

Career opportunities

Because of the nature of the industry, the demand for high calibre engineering graduates is huge and far-reaching, with the potential to take you all over the world.

Plus, University of Leeds students are among the top 5 most targeted by top employers according to The Graduate Market 2024, High Fliers Research, meaning our graduates are highly sought after by some of the most reputable companies in the field.

Qualifying with a degree in mechatronic and robotics from Leeds will set you up with the core foundations you need to pursue an exciting career across a wide range of industries, including:

  • Energy
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Healthcare
  • Transport
  • Construction
  • Utilities
  • Automotive
  • Gaming
  • Telecommunications
  • Electronics and technology
  • Manufacturing

The breadth of knowledge and experience, along with the teamwork, design, problem-solving, communication and numerical and analytical skills taught on the course are widely transferable and desirable to a whole host of employers.

Here’s an insight into the job roles some of our graduates have obtained:

  • Consultant, Accenture
  • Graduate Systems Engineer, ABB
  • Operations Area Manager, Amazon
  • System Design Lead, BAE Systems
  • Instrumentation and Protective System Engineer, BP
  • RDD Manager, Dyson Ltd
  • Systems Engineer, Emerson Electric
  • Teacher, Ministry of Education
  • Race Engineer, Redbull F1
  • Senior Software Developer, Yorkshire Water Services Ltd
  • Quality Assurance Engineer, Toshiba
  • Principal Engineer, JCB
  • Vehicle Systems Manager, BAE Systems
  • Mechatronics Engineer, ALTINAY Robot Technologies Inc.

Read our alumni profiles to find out more about where our students are working.

Careers support

At Leeds, we help you to prepare for your future from day one. Our Leeds for Life initiative is designed to help you develop and demonstrate the skills and experience you need for when you graduate. We’ll help you to access opportunities across the University and record your key achievements so you are able to articulate them clearly and confidently.

You’ll be supported throughout your studies by our dedicated Employability team, who will provide you with specialist support and advice to help you find relevant work experience, internships and industrial placements, as well as graduate positions. You’ll benefit from timetabled employability sessions, support during internships and placements, and presentations and workshops delivered by employers.

You’ll also have full access to the University’s Careers Centre, which is one of the largest in the country.

Study abroad and work placements

Study abroad

Studying abroad is a unique opportunity to explore the world, whilst gaining invaluable skills and experience that could enhance your future employability and career prospects too.

From Europe to Asia, the USA to Australasia, we have many University partners worldwide you can apply to, spanning across some of the most popular destinations for students.

This programme offers you the option to spend time abroad as an extra academic year and will extend your studies by 12 months.

Once you’ve successfully completed your year abroad, you'll be awarded the ‘international’ variant in your degree title which demonstrates your added experience to future employers.

Find out more at the Study Abroad website.

Work placements

An industrial placement year is a great way to help you decide on a career path when you graduate. You’ll develop your skills and gain a real insight into working life in a particular company or sector. It will also help you to stand out in a competitive graduate jobs market and improve your chances of securing the career you want.

Benefits of a work placement year:

  • 100+ organisations to choose from, both in the UK and overseas
  • Build industry contacts within your chosen field
  • Our close industry links mean you’ll be in direct contact with potential employers
  • Advance your experience and skills by putting the course teachings into practice
  • Gain invaluable insight into working as a professional in this industry
  • Improve your employability

If you decide to undertake a placement year, this will extend your period of study by 12 months and, on successful completion, you’ll be awarded the ‘industrial’ variant in your degree title to demonstrate your added experience to future employers.

With the help and support of our dedicated Employability team, you can find the right placement to suit you and your future career goals.

Here are some examples of placements our students have recently completed:

  • Electrical Engineering Intern, Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited
  • Electronics Student Placement, Red Bull Technology Limited
  • Hardware Engineering Intern, GE Aviation Systems Limited
  • Technical Program Management Intern, Amazon UK Services Ltd
  • PE - Electronics & Complex Systems - Undergraduate, Jaguar Land Rover
  • Software Intern, Sony
  • Undergraduate Applications/Support Engineer, Beckhoff Automation Limited
  • Game/XR Production Intern, Unity Software Ltd
  • Placement student in the Integrated Components & Solutions team, Caterpillar Inc.

Find out more about Industrial placements.

Student profile: Kavandeep Sandhu

The need for mechatronics and robotics goes beyond the obvious robot takeover that springs to mind; with applications in medicine, renewable energy, smart cities, and more.
Find out more about Kavandeep Sandhu's time at Leeds